IBM and the Holocaust
Between 1933 and 1935, Nazi Germany and its allies established more than 42,000 camps and incarceration sites (Including ghettos). The sites were used for forced labor, detention and murder. The concept of massively organized information came to fruition in 1933, when IBM, through its German subsidiary, Dehomag, leased Hitler the advanced technology of the Dehomag Hollerith machine with punch card technology. The first use of the machines was to create a census. Later, the machines were placed in every major concentration camp. Applications of the technology were designed by Dehomag and IBM engineers in New York City. Throughout World War ll, IBM, through its German subsidiary, maintained the technology in all locations. A Polish subsidiary, Watson Business Machines, formed by Thomas J. Watson, IBM CEO, provided hardware and technology to move people from place to place, schedule the trains, and track people from original location through death, including how they were killed. All of this information was catalogued through the automation provided by the Dehomag machine and punch cards made at IBM New York.